Based on the perspective of my constructed description, I will try to discuss those thoughts I have learned in this course. Revealing Reflection According to Ernest Geller (taken from the essay of Josephine Dionisio), Nation states that emerges especially in industrial Europe came into being not because of human nature or essential characteristics common to a group of people but for the reason of the need for new set of skills and proficiencies that can only be thought in a large scale and homogeneous mode.
Simply the complexity of the ways of production and division of labor makes the nation a sensible concept. This statement really makes sense at least to me yet I never heard, felt or learned about this explanation in my elementary and secondary years discussed inside the classroom. The struggle of our heroes from Manila and nearby provinces is the nearest concept that came into my mind when I heard Nationhood. It seems so hard to imagine a common emotion between a “patriot” from Muslim Mindanao and the patriots of
Luzon fighting for a concept of a nation from “Batanes down Tawi-tawi” which is entirely a colonial definition-the domain of Spain in the Far East. Existing in Alternative Nature I think it is because of its dynamic traits that make this field of study exist always an alternative. A community of monotonous living with a structured convention is what makes it not a good view in the eyes of Sociology. The society must radiate and oscillate its ideals in order for it to become a place of harmony. The sociological frame of reference with its built-in procedure of looking for levels of reality other than those given on the official interpretations of society, carries with it a logical imperative to unmask the pretensions and the propaganda by which men cloak their actions with each other. “- Berger 1 The perspective given to me by Berger opens to me an insight that besides the socially accepted way of doing stuffs, their exists some useful responses that can at least equally justify (if not provide a more convincing explanation) the particular scenario of personal and social interests.
Questions about Self This course also makes my dimension wider on the recognition of my self. I have learned different points of view with regards to it from the traditional concept of ecclesiastical nature to postmodern accidental and coreless self. Having knowledge about it is as sufficient as the answers to my deepest confusions. My bias is for an arbitrary self. The situation outside of me is the major determinant of my action. Sometimes I try to fit myself in an event rather than to be in command of it because of its complex characteristics.
Well as member of the society, somehow I have no choice but to conform to its modus operandi. However, sometimes I am also the one who controls the moment when it is necessary. I find the importance of things of me and outside of me by behaving in different impulses. Questions about Everyone The trend of today is globalization and it is being stated in the near future we will have a world of one goal, belief and of course economy. That was the legacy of the industrialized states.
Thinking in the premises of Sociologist Robert Merton about manifest and latent functions, it can be inferred that its unconscious and unintended effects are to annihilate the diversity of culture, makes local not so competitive producers suffer net losses without any assurance that they will shift into modes of production that they are advantageous at, and less developed countries’ prospective professors, artists, scientists, engineers, doctors and leaders becoming call center agent for Americans, Construction workers for Arabians, Caregivers for English etc.
It seems that before we can build a strong nation that is capable of realizing its potential, it now turns out being jeopardized by homogenizing move of the more able countries. The saddest part of the story lies not on the fact of the niche we have acquired but in the very opportunity that we have lost. Residence of Truth As Nietzsche told that truth is in itself an error that becomes necessary, reflections imparted in “sociological” nature maybe on its right is true depending on the sociological phenomena. Truth is just a mere consensus; a social definition.
The course made me realized that sometimes it is not important that you must be on the seat of the right, cunning and genius for the truths of their respective fields only originated as assumptions. Axioms of Mathematics, Laws of Physics and the Conclusive Presumptions of State Law are no less than like the metaphor of self and nationhood in substance, (dummy in nature) acting as guiding principle for 2 some categorically speaking, a practical end. They simply exist to made us answer the questions in the relevant range of our experience that resides in the midst of nowhere. Conventional Rationalization
It is boon and bane why we have the same senses but of different perceptions. It is boon because it is the thing which makes every individual a unique being, enjoying our own experience like a precious gift given only to each of us. It is bane in the reason that sometimes society uses the power of perception to its members to create a legacy out of the abuse of truth. In such analyses the ideas by which men explain their actions are unmasked as self-deception, sales talk, the kind of ‘sincerity’ that David Riesman has aptly described as the state of mind of a man who habitually believes his own propaganda.
In this way, we can speak of ‘ideology’ when we analyze the belief of many American Physicians that standards of health will decline if fee-for-service method of payment is abolished, or the conviction of many undertakers that inexpensive funerals show lack of affection for the departed, or the definition of their activity by the quizmasters on television as ‘education’…all these notions are only individual assuagements of guilt or status anxiety, but constitutes official self-interpretations of entire social groups, obligatory for their members on pain on excommunication. – Berger
The examples provided by Berger could also be seen in the Philippines when few months ago the Doctors protested on the legislation of right of the patients to be discharged even though they have not the payment because of financial incapacity. They said that it will worsen that status of medical service in our country and would encourage our Doctors to just emigrate. Knowledge of Sociology an important tool on evaluating the flaws of what is used to be the norm. ON NATIONHOD Kaya Kung Kakayanin It is true by the virtue of physical evidence that our country is separated by water.
It is also correct to say that there are times when we cannot understand each other because of the differences of the language we spoke and the religion we believe. It is also right to quote from statistical data that most of the citizens of this country in majority are not so empowered considering the great disparity of resources and opportunities. However, to argue that this country is a failure because of the perennial illnesses of poverty, corruption and insurgencies is just a rebuttable presumption of those people who does not have faith that the Filipinos acting collectively could chart its own fate.
The previous statement will remain correct until we prove the otherwise. When I was in my elementary and high school years, it is my usual tendency to equate the development of our country in terms of how Peso rates are working, the Dollar remittances of our “bagong bayanis” and the level of investments in our stock market. Needless to say my notions were generally economic in nature. It’s maybe because of the influence of mass media 3 on my formative days. Those criteria of national advancement were even reinforced in college when I took several economics courses as a business student.
However, upon also learning the subjects History 1 and Social Science 2, I have made a realization that development of a society in its holistic sense cannot be quantified to the sole measure of material possessions but is subject to many indices. Recently, I consider the approach of sociologists as an appealing proposition that stresses the importance of national identity. According to Josephine Dionisio, it is the floating impression of national identity that brings about a faint nationalism.
Our weak sense of nationalism results from our vague sense of a national identity, and lack of a compelling “national imaginary”. It is not so much because we are unsure of who we are , but more importantly because we are still unsure of who we want to become. Nationhood remains as a valid and urgent agenda for all of us who believe that we deserve and can collectively weave a different narrative for the Filipino nation,-Dionisio The passage above serves as a challenge for me especially in the future when I occupy my field as a manager.
Its importance to me lies on the fact that leading the people not only on how to make use of their skills to accumulate wealth but also to act as an agent for the progression of Filipino nationhood. Structural Hindrances The vision of achieving a strong nationalistic sentiment is continuously being bombarded by the constraints of social injustices. It is not a surprise especially to the people of sociology department to recognize this fact but let me show some statistical data obtained from the Internet site of Ibon foundation.
According to Ibon foundation report titled “The Philippine poverty situation: Beyond poverty measures, inequality grows” dated May 10, 2007, the net worth of ten richest Filipinos is equal to annual income of 9. 8 Million poorest Pinoys combined. If these nearly ten million humanity will connect their hand span side by side starting Manila via Pacific ocean (assuming they could stand in water), they could overtake Brazil which geographically the exact opposite of our country in the globe. They will cast a length of about 14700 kms (Ave span of 1. m/person) that is approximately 62% of earth’s circumference. Less than one third of Filipino landowners own more than 80% of Philippines’ private soil while 68 million of 90 million Filipino today is living with Php 96 ($2) or less a day. The mess of our political and economic system on the realm on what we are so called as first Republic in Asia is just an insult to the injury. Cleaning the system is like removing a kilo of garbage in a trashcan while accumulating a ton overnight. How could most of us think about of redescribing our past when our very stomach is in deep trouble?
Maybe the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs make sense on this insight. Achieving the Elusive Aspirations Our institutions are indeed vital factors in realizing the goal of this project of nationhood. 4 They are should be a working tool for the empowerment of the Filipino nation. The institution of family should serve as a primary guide of the incoming members of the society. As the basic institution, they should start the socialization of the common emotion for the country by unfolding the nation’s past on its grandiose interpretations.
This does not necessarily mean sharing inexistent or false stories. This move will do a lot of help in nurturing young minds to embrace nation with hope. Educational structure should enhance its sense of social responsibility especially to those who need it the most. On the verge of globalization, this institution tends to lean on offering programs focusing on services on which some futurists said a character of a post industrial economy. It is sad to think that it is maybe the dividends that greatly matters to them that it sacrifice the welfare of the nation in the long term.
It is very important for a nation to invest in education as a means of upholding the citizens of the nation. As our instructor Rizza Kaye Cases once said in the discussions that poverty is not only of material nature but also mental as well. The task of continuously redescribing the nation becomes more possible when we have intellectually adaptive people. The political institution I think should take some revolutionary steps to redefine its significance on the eyes of the Filipino society. As an entity of fiduciary trust, it should reflect the interest and welfare of the majority.
They must promote a conscious and responsible citizenship among its people for them to become a principled voters of deserving leaders committed to the advocacy of equitable distribution of wealth and chances. From our debate topic, I should also suggest the opening of possibility of studying other forms of governance such as the parliamentary system if it would bring about more accountability and stability in ascendancy. As a pluralistic society, Philippines with its private sectors of significant influence like business sector must also do their part in promoting the journey towards nationhood.
As one of the most influential agents of socializing the nation, mass media should assume not only the power but the burden of informing the people of what it deserve to know without any unjust considerations in favor of its owners, ad clients, people of political influence etc. since it acts likes the mirror image of the events in the society, it should echo the information as fair as possible. Moreover, it should also impart the ideas in lieu of a promising tomorrow as to bestow a significant contribution to the project of nationhood.
Religion still plays an important role in the lives of the Filipinos until now. It could even be looked if it is taken in social practice as a real hindrance for the goal of nationhood. It is a fact that it is far easier to gather people in front of Mike Velarde than to rally people for a patriotic a cause. As much as possible, citizens should have a sincere and uncompromising conviction for nationhood in order hasten its realization. It does mean that society should dismiss concept of 5 God but it must be that its just you and God. ON SELF
The life I live today is more or less dedicated to something: unceasing search for unmapped roads. I am inclined to the premise that I am in continuum, with some innate foundations. One of the greatest lessons I have acquired in the course is to cultivate my self on a conscious degree. Before I was just a passive element of everything around me. But now when I feel the pressure brought about by external structural forces especially the academic expectations of this University blasting on my head, I used to counterattack them through my own basic solitude.
Most of the time it does make sense. In substance, I did not dismiss the existence of God since then. My relation with him jives into the journey I am into in the continuum. Or maybe he is the continuum itself. For me the notion I have about him is not like an open or closed circuit of narratives but it is more like of an ever present suspended figure in my mind, relentlessly altering its structure, shape and size in the most complex manner could ever be imagined. The art of being free is one of the most embraced ideas across the history in almost all civilizations.
Probably it could be abstracted from Darwin’s theory of evolution the reasons for this; that there was some period in past where the ancestors of human beings usually live alone and these are the traits we have acquired in our genetic make-up. However according to Arnold Alamon, as the human society emerges, it makes possible through conventional practices to make humans as owners or possessions or both of another human being. Mastery of one’s self is more than an art. It is a struggle. While we generate vocabularies to describe our selves anew, old classifications and practices place their weight upon us.
It may also be necessary to struggle against others to maintain our autonomy. Our attempts to emancipate ourselves from convention would be restrained by the moral entrepreneurs of our society. –Alamon SUMMING UP I have been accustomed to believe that helping others is one of the most rewarding jobs of all. I suppose there are so many things that are yet to be done to achieve a stable nationhood that is so capable of sailing itself alone in the oc